Melanoma is cancer of the skin melanoma has the highest mortality rate of all dermatological cancers… melanomas also one of the most common cancers in young adults
What are some risk factors for developing melanoma?
Some common risk factors include having a family history or having a personal history in family like light hair color light eye color having a high freckle density being immunosuppressed either because of the use of drugs or having a particular disease and have a multiple melanocytic nevus essentially multiple moles.
How does melanoma look like?
well melanoma appears to be unique in every individual so how about we zoom into this current individual’s face
and here is a cross-section of a skin with melanoma let us compare this to a normal skin cross-section the top layer of our skin is known as the epidermis beneath the epidermis is the layer called the dermis underneath the dermis is another layer known as the hypodermis which contains subcutaneous fat which is important for thermoregulation.
As we referenced melanoma is diverse in every individual anyway melanoma is usually always pigmented it’s a pigmented lesion it’s often asymmetric it has ill-defined borders and melanoma often bleeds and/or ulcerates.
How does melanoma develop
Give us a chance to zoom into the epidermal layer of the ordinary skin
what’s more, contrast it with the epidermal layer of a skin with melanoma we are currently looking at the pathology of melanoma so here are some cells that make up the epidermis here again is our epidermal layer and below the epidermis is our dermis in between the epidermis and the dermis is our basement membrane essentially this is what separates the epidermis to the dermis just above the basement membrane we have a special cell of the skin known as Milano site melanocytes are important for us because they help shield us from UV radiation and they help in our skin pigmentation in melanoma.
what happens is we have duplicating melanocytes so these melanocytes that are ordinarily innocuous progressed toward becoming transformed and they develop and separate quickly bringing about melanoma these hazard variables can lead to these polar fading melanocytes when going to a doctor and if suspected of having melanoma it is important to examine the skin lesion.
The principal indication of melanoma is ordinarily another spot on the skin, or an adjustment in the size, shape or shade of a current mole. The ABCDE technique may enable you to decide if an anomalous skin development might be Melanoma Symptoms:
- Asymmetry: The mole has an unpredictable shape.
- Outskirt: The edge isn’t smooth, however unpredictable or indented.
- Shading: The mole has uneven shading or dull spots.
- Measurement: The spot is bigger than the span of a pencil eraser.
- Advancing or Elevation: The spot is changing in size, shape or surface.
- The best way certainly if a mole is melanoma is to have it inspected by a specialist.
Other melanoma indications may include:
- Injuries that don’t mend
- Color, redness or swelling that spreads outside the fringe of a spot to the encompassing skin
- Irritation, delicacy or agony
- Changes in skin surface, or scales, overflowing from a current mole
- Foggy vision or fractional loss of sight, or dull spots in the iris
Ways to prevent melanoma
There are ways to prevent melanoma these include wearing a hat using sunscreen wearing long sleeved shirts protective clothing especially if you work outside a lot, wearing sunglasses, and also if you have a family or personal history of melanoma having regular doctor skin checks or even self-skin checks.