High blood pressure treatment

According to the research millions of People in United Kingdom facing High blood pressure (hypertension), most of the people are living with high blood pressure, and didn’t know it.

WHAT IS HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?

Blood pressure is measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg) and is given as two figures:

  1. Systolic pressure – The pressure when your heart pushes blood out.
  2. Diastolic pressure – The pressure when your heart rests between beats.

As a general guide:

  • High blood pressure is considered to be 140/90mmHg or higher (or an average of 135/85mmHg at home)
  • Ideal blood pressure is considered to be between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg
  • Low blood pressure is considered to be 90/60mmHg or lower.

A blood pressure reading between 120/80mmHg and 140/90mmHg could mean you’re at risk of developing high blood pressure if you don’t take steps to keep your blood pressure under control.

There were no early warning signs or symptoms, but mostly people working overtime, putting their health at risk for heart disease and stroke.

High blood pressure, also called hypertension.

People of all backgrounds can develop high blood pressure. Treatments differ based on risk factors, including age and family history. But hypertension can often be controlled with healthy habits, and medication when necessary.

Eating more fruits and vegetables, following a low-salt diet, exercising regularly and quitting smoking, are often the first lines of defence to control high blood pressure. Your doctor may prescribe one or more medications to help lower your blood pressure to normal.

Extra Sodium and Water

Some rid the body of extra sodium and water. Others reduce the heart rate or relax the blood vessels. Always take medications exactly as prescribed and don’t skip doses. While medications can effectively lower blood pressure when taken correctly, each type has potential side effects for some people.

You might feel tired or have trouble sleeping. You may experience a dry cough, stuffy nose, leg cramps, frequent urination, or headaches. If you have side effects that don’t go away with time – don’t just quit taking your medication.

Talk with your doctor and pharmacist as there may be other medications or different doses that can control your blood pressure and have fewer or no side effects.

HOW TO PREVENT HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE:

High blood pressure can often be prevented or reduced by eating healthily, maintaining a healthy weight, taking regular exercise, drinking alcohol in moderation and not smoking.

SALT & DIET:

Cut down on the amount of salt in your food and eat plenty of fruit and vegetables. The NHS Eatwell Guide highlights the different types of food that make up our diet, and shows the proportions we should eat them in to have a well-balanced and healthy diet.

Salt raises your blood pressure. The more salt you eat, the higher your blood pressure. Aim to eat less than 6g (0.2oz) of salt a day, which is about a teaspoonful.

Eating a low-fat diet that includes lots of fibre – such as wholegrain rice, bread and pasta – and plenty of fruit and vegetables also helps lower blood pressure. Aim to eat five portions of fruit and vegetables every day.

Guide link: https://www.nhs.uk/

ALCOHOL INTAKE:

Regularly drinking alcohol above recommended limits can raise your blood pressure over time.

Staying within these recommended levels is the best way to reduce your risk of developing high blood pressure:

Men and women are advised not to regularly drink more than 14 units a week. Spread your drinking over three days or more if you drink as much as 14 units a week.

GET ACTIVE & LOSE WEIGHT:

  • Being active and taking regular exercise lowers blood pressure by keeping your heart and blood vessels in good condition.
  • Regular exercise can also help you lose weight, which will also help lower your blood pressure.
  • Adults should do at least 150 minutes (2 hours and 30 minutes) of moderate-intensity aerobic activity such as cycling or fast walking every week.

CUT DOWN CAFFEINE:

Drinking more than four cups of coffee a day may increase your blood pressure. If you’re a big fan of coffee, tea or other caffeine-rich drinks, such as cola and some energy drinks, consider cutting down.

STOP SMOKING:

Smoking doesn’t directly cause high blood pressure, but it puts you at much higher risk of a heart attack and stroke.

Smoking, like high blood pressure, will cause your arteries to narrow. If you smoke and have high blood pressure, your arteries will narrow much more quickly, and your risk of heart or lung disease in the future is dramatically increased.

SLEEP:

Long-term sleep deprivation is associated with a rise in blood pressure and an increased risk of hypertension. It’s a good idea to try to get at least six hours of sleep a night if you can.

Focus on the benefits.

Taking your medication regularly will lower high blood pressure, and protect your brain, heart and kidneys from life-threatening consequences, like stroke or heart attack… often the first scary signs of hypertension when left untreated.

Control your blood pressure and reduce your risk by knowing your goal numbers and monitoring your blood pressure at home or at your local pharmacy in between doctor’s visits.

KeyRole of Pharmacists

Pharmacists play a key role in working with your physician to improve blood pressure management. We can address medication concerns and challenges. So, talk about your treatments and goals outlined by your doctor. If taking your medication feels like a chore, don’t just stop taking it.

We can counsel you on working through side effects, or determine when you need to see your doctor about possible changes in your medications.

And we’ll share healthy lifestyle tips to keep you on track. Whether you monitor your blood pressure at home, or in the pharmacy, we’re here to discuss your numbers and provide guidance.